This class is designed around a piece of equipment every gym has but never uses -“The Step”. Learn how the step can be utilized differently without ever stepping on it. Experience the step in unconventional ways that are still effective. This workshop provides numerous ideas perfect for personal training and group exercise.
Coaching efficient movement throughout the kinetic chain is a fundamental goal for every professional, yet chronic injury rates continue to rise. Instructing proper form requires a solid understanding of stability and mobility throughout the kinetic chain. Explore the latest research and how to properly coach the movement patterns of the upper extremity.
Speedball is an intense, NON-STOP multi-directional conditioning program featuring the revolutionary SpeedBALL. Progressions to increase range of motion or add impact are available to challenge the conditioned athlete, but the base techniques are safe and functional for any fitness level. The program simultaneously challenges muscular endurance and integrates functional core training without sacrificing cardiorespiratory intensity.
Barre Tab is a unique blend of HIIT-Tabata training drills and Ballet Barre elements. This all-in-one workout utilizes the cardio and strength 20/10 timing ratio, allowing for participants to experience endurance and strength breakthroughs. Your fitness “bill” will be paid in Barre Tab!
Enter a dancer’s workout world for the non-dancer. Learn how to create a dynamic, total-body workout by combining Pilates, barre, and flowing ballet movements that not only improve posture, flexibility, balance, and strength, but also challenge your students to progress. Bring out the dancer in YOU and your students!
Authentic, yet simple to master, cardio mixed martial arts adapted for the group exercise environment! RUMBLE is formulated with Systematic Science based techniques that are safe, effective & FUN! The RUMBLE STICK is your weapon that creates an intensive degree of training which enhances spatial awareness & overall movement.
Sweat. Sculpt. & ROCK in this cardio jam session inspired by the infectious, energizing, and sweat-dripping fun of playing the drums. Instead of listening to music, you become the music in this full-body workout that combines cardio, conditioning, and strength training with yoga and Pilates-inspired movements.
Journey into a new and beautiful fitness space that incorporates, movement and flow. Using the Flow Wand, this class allows you to enter into a new dimension of fitness where you and the Flow Wand create beautiful, synchronized movement to music.
Learn to help our active agers face one of the biggest fears of aging: falling. We will examine this through a research-based approach to barefoot fitness made for them. Learn guidelines and practical approaches for foot hygiene, muscular anatomy, and stability and mobility games to decrease falls and improve overall foot function, barefoot!
That yellow jersey requires mental toughness and a never-quit conviction to a goal bigger than yourself. Learn to cultivate true grit through your coaching. This workshop is based on cutting-edge sport psychology strategies designed to add volume and intensity to your instructor playbook.
Deep water lends itself to a complete high-intensity training with power and no impact, offering a tremendous training alternative without the potential risk of injury. Achieve weight loss and increase EPOC in a class design that’s an effective and unique option for water enthusiasts of all fitness levels.
Make a splash and experience Aqua Zumba®. This refreshing, invigorating ZUMBA® pool party includes many different Latin and International dance rhythms in a whole new way! Experience this unique workout that complements muscles and allows individuals, including those that are fit and those with physical limitations, to join the ZUMBA® experience!
Some of the most asked questions by clients is something about nutrition. In this session, trainers are going to receive the appropriate knowledge and education to leave confident with coaching tools to set yourself apart to create a higher level of impact on your clients and in your business! (LECTURE)
Introducing new exercise strategies to keep your body adapting (and growing stronger) with each punch and kick creates a positive skill building environment. Learn how CORE DE FORCE integrates the “technique checklist” to introduce class goers to new moves and skills for adaptation vs. accommodation. *CORE DE FORCE Instructor Training Pre-Con Available* (LECTURE)
Fitness efforts thwarted by how “life happens” between workouts? Can you ensure that efforts are evidenced in body fat percentages, Facebook “selfies” and in medical charts? Since 30-day challenges rarely work for more than 30 days, come learn what 52 days can do to keep you at Your Best Body! (LECTURE)
As a fitness professional in one of the fastest growing and most dynamic industries, how will you stand out? This session will provide the tools that you can apply to your brand and take not only your own success – but your clients’ success – to the next level. (LECTURE)
StairMaster® has created a formula that allows clubs and trainers alike to utilize any and all available equipment with unique interval protocols, resulting in endless options for Plug & Play workouts that are: Scientifically Sound, Results-Driven, Interactive, Scalable, Exciting & Engaging and Team/Community-centric! Plug in the details and PLAY!
For the most transferable and useable functional balance training, exercises need to challenge the body in ways that simulate the forces and variability that life throws at us every day. By integrating senses like touch, vision and sound, we develop a deeper understanding of what balance really is.
Willow is a combination meditation/HIIT class that was designed around the largest international scientific research studies on fundamental well-being. Willow’s easy-to-learn mediation techniques paired with a variety of Intervals and Tabatas is a fun and energizing class. Our goal is for you to have six-pack abs and a six-pack mind.
Pulling for Power™ with SGT Ken® utilizes extremely effective Variable Intensity Interval Training (VIIT) techniques with WaterRower drills and calisthenics uniquely arranged to muster muscle fatigue like never before. VIIT can help you burn body fat for 24 hours from a 60-minute workout. Pull for power today to produce progress tomorrow!
The perfect workout for those on the go as no props are necessary! Start with raising your heart rate for a quick burst of energy. Class continues to a strengthen and sculpting section. The workout concludes by taking a moment to relax and appreciate all that your body can do!
Aerobics is Back, Bigger, Better, HIGHer! HIGH Fitness is a hardcore fun group fitness class that has taken Aerobics and brought it to the next level with modern fitness techniques. HIGH combines FUN with INTENSITY and CONSISTENCY. HIGH Fitness can be modified for beginners or athletes. It is proven to produce repeat participants and results!
This session is for all trainers looking to experience the philosophy of fascial care with the Rollga® roller combining mindful exercises that enhance strength, fascial health, through Eastern acupressure and reflexology, followed by western techniques of resistance training. You will not want to miss the latest methods for a pain free body!
FR2G -Balletone: A DANCER’S WORKOUT FOR THE NON-DANCER
Bring that ballerina back to life. Join a dynamic, total body workout that combines Pilates, barre, and flowing ballet movements that improve posture, flexibility, balance, cardiovascular fitness, muscular endurance and strength. Capture fitness and the inner dancer you never knew you had… Beauty Meets Strength & Power, Fitness meets Balletone!
Members say: “I need more yoga in my life” – let’s bring it to them and keep them coming back for more. – – This class gives you tools to enhance your participants yoga experience. Take this information back to your club and yoga instructors creating new blissful experiences. (LECTURE / ACTIVITY)
In this session you will learn the Functional Aging Training model and apply it to 4 levels of functional circuit workouts for clients 55-85 years old. During this hands on workshop you will be moving as we work through beginner to advanced level functional circuits.
Are you ready to have your mind blown? Prepared to have wait list classes? Learn the secret to creating a buzz in the locker room. You’ll discover how to build class designs that WOW your participants by integrating the latest cycling protocols through Schwinn’s proven system.
Functional fitness is important in daily lives and this Aquatic Baby Boomer Bootcamp will help encourage and improve functional fitness on all fitness levels. It will strengthen your heart, build your muscles, build your stamina, and have fun while exercising your whole body.
HIIT is popular, and clients are comfortable maintaining their anaerobic threshold. However, what happens if you intersperse anaerobic bits and pieces into aquatic choreography? Veteran participants enjoy instant progress and rookies experience an instant regression. Experience 32 block choreography with interspersed anaerobic bits and pieces that works for everyone!
In this captivating presentation, you will see and learn about the shocking amounts of sugar in some favorite foods. Learn why sugar is not so sweet for the mind, body, health and weight. Get helpful tips for reducing sugar intake, while keeping the diet satisfying and flavorful. (LECTURE)
We all train and utilize core exercises, but do you really have a sense of purpose and understanding on lumbo-pelvic hip stability, the 3 layers of trunk musculature and respective functions? How about training specific to the local and global layers, exercise progressions and training in balance to avoid low-back injury? Think you need an update? Get your version 2.0 in this session and train with a purpose. (LECTURE)
How is training an “active adult” different from training someone who is younger in age? What training variables need to be especially considered? In this lecture, you will obtain answers to these questions and learn the most relevant and scientifically up to date training methods for the aging population. (LECTURE)
While men and women come from different worlds they do share the same office. Revisit stereotypes about gender roles in business and use confidence, competition, and character to confront the odds and become an inspiring leader. Learn to correct common mistakes and become empowered to make game-changing decisions. Come with plenty of questions to help advance your career! (LECTURE/PANEL)
This cardio-boxing class uses the best asset in your studio: YOU! Experience a high-intensity level of training that incorporates the technique work of punches, method training, and core work in one class. If you like to move to the beat of the music, you will LOVE this workout, which not only burns up calories and works your body, but also trains your mind.
The language of fitness is changing. People don’t just workout, they “train.” Personal trainers don’t just train, they “coach.” Learn how to apply coaching techniques that’ll transform and grow your group-training sessions. Discover the “coach” within you and cultivate a group of fitness athletes through large-scale warm-ups, movement blocks and cues and focused programming.
Coaching proper form is a fundamental responsibility for every professional, yet it requires a solid understanding of stability and mobility throughout the kinetic chain. Learn how to properly coach the movement patterns of the lower extremity – bend-and-lift or squat and step/lunge, and explore 3-dimensional variations that add fun and function to your programs.
FR3D – LET THE BEAT DROP – POWERED BY BARRE ABOVE®
Music is a powerful tool that sets the tone for your class, increase students’ energy, and makes a lasting impact. Learn four ways to choreograph barre workouts to music in a one song per segment format and master cueing strategies to smoothly and efficiently move students through workouts that creates flow.
This mindful session combines multiple approaches using mindfulness, self-awareness and breath control to improve mobility and recovery. Learn how to get the most of your RumbleRoller self-myofascial release and mobility sessions with skills that transfer to all other activities.
The 3 C’s are the secret behind every successful cycling instructor: Content, Connection, and Charisma. Take a deep dive into what makes an ordinary class extraordinary and learn trade secrets to take your class to the next level. You do not want to miss this workshop!
In this session, we will review tools and tricks of the trade for effective deck teaching for all levels, populations, as well as depths of water. This session is ideal for instructors who teach at pools with transitional depths or teach both shallow and deep-water classes. Up your game as a deck presenter and be the instructor everyone wants to emulate.
Bring a tidal wave of energy and excitement to the pool! The fabulous Women of MANIA® will provide a flood of new ideas that will give new meaning to fluid fun. Plunge into a fantastic workout that covers all body parts and add a major splash of WOW! to your aqua classes.
Scores of new diet books are published every year by the $60B weight loss industry, so why is the general population still is gaining weight? What gives? Mindy and Bruce sift through scientific evidence of the biggest diet trends to diagnose which, if any, actually work for sustained, healthy, long-term weight loss.
If you want to improve your reaction time, agility, stamina, or coordination, BoxMaster® is the opponent for you! With the ability to cater to all fitness levels, the BoxMaster® will excite greater participation in boxing-style fitness training and help boost your client/member retention with an entirely different way to get in shape!
MMA-inspired workouts are everywhere, and CORE DE FORCE from Beachbody LIVE is the predesigned format that makes it easy to lead the fight — one badass class at a time. In this workshop you’ll learn the class-teaching formula as well as the authentic techniques behind the stances, punches, and kicks.
Revolutionize your cardio workout and feel the Latin Heat with exotic world rhythms in red-hot, never-before-seen ways. This class will challenge and inspire you! Learn how to make your routines ‘pop’ with hits from multi-platinum Latin artists like Pitbull, Jennifer Lopez, Shakira, Enrique Iglesias, and more. Walk in, and dance out!
TEN exercises, TEN reps, TEN rounds! This ferocious ladder approach progresses with each round – and you never have to answer, “how many?” Use in one-on-one or group workouts with unison or station formats. Learn a multitude of “TEN” drills to plug into a ladder template, with dynamic coaching techniques tying it all together.
Ideal for beginners and those who want a safe and effective class experience to build a solid Pilates foundation. Focus on form and alignment to help you master the Pilates fundamentals, so that you can get the most out of your workout as you become more advanced.
Muscle power is one of the most critical factors for maintaining functional activities as we get older. Learn how to incorporate functional power training into your 1-1, small group and large group programs safely and effectively for clients ranging from frail to fit.
Learn how music can create incredible emotion and action in your group classes. This session will provide the latest tips, tricks and tools to organize and select the perfect music to make your classes stand out. Learn how to maximize a powerful music coaching approach and bring your class experience to the next level. Walk away with steps to create a custom and perfect playlist and receive a free download from Power Music. (LECTURE)
Discover simple techniques that will help you and/or your clients consciously and subconsciously make better choices that affect weight and health. Striking visuals will be displayed that will have you thinking twice about the plates and glasses you use, as well as how accessible food is at home and work. (LECTURE)
This session focuses on the many tasks required for a studio owner to launch and grow their business. The tasks include marketing, sales, accounting. Legal, organizational and management. Paul Bosley managed chains of fitness centers for over 20 years and shares the knowledge and lessons learned over the 44 years working with the fitness industry and an operator and as a financing source. (LECTURE)
The SAID Principle says the body adapts to specific physical demands during exercise. Functional training is the application of the SAID Principle that can be used to help clients move better, lose weight, and build muscle. Learn the science of functional training and specific exercise-program design strategies that can deliver results clients want.
Would you like to experience some of the most efficient core exercises on the planet? Come to this session and learn 4 completely different core combinations that can be easily implemented on Monday morning. Packed with critical cutting-edge core research, this session delivers amazing abdominal and back routines.
Energize your group training sessions with mix-and-match micro circuits! Experience plug-and-play, short circuit workouts with targeted training goals such as muscular strength, metabolic conditioning, and mobility. Decrease your program planning time by learning how to mix and match these quick circuits to create a unique group training experience that will keep them coming back for more!
Experience the best of SCW Barre programming. Mix and match movements from four fabulous SCW Barre workouts to achieve the most effective total-body training. Learn this simple technique for designing classes and progressing barre movements and discover how easy it is to create comprehensive barre workouts that challenge all levels.
Ease into fitness with LaBlast Silk, the dance fitness format based on TV’s Dancing with the Stars, that allows the new participant to gradually build strength and stamina with easy to follow, low impact partner free patterns.
Re-energize and revolutionize your group exercise environment with the next generation of effective and proven fitness technology; Resistance, Intervals, Power, Plyometrics, Endurance, and Diet. A refreshingly athletic approach to carefully designed CARDIO, well balanced WEIGHTS, turbo charged FUN, and the music will drive you to DONE!
Take total body conditioning to the next level by combining the BOSU® Balance Trainer and BOSU® Bar to enhance strength, stability, balance, and core activation. Experience 100+ exercises, master the ‘Graduation Grid,’ and expand your conditioning toolbox. Grip, tip, flip, or strip, and the simplest of exercises will feel brand new and be accessible for all!
SPRY invites you to experience a different element of challenge and engagement by including a single light weight with yoga flow. SPRY is a sophisticated and mindful experience, weaving movements together in a unique way, like a dance, encouraging new awareness, stability and long lines. All levels welcome.
We often hear “foam rolling after exercise helps flush out lactic acid and reduce soreness,” but does research support this? Foam rolling can promote circulation, create tissue pliability and initiate the recovery process, but this may not mean no soreness. Learn the TriggerPoint™ foam rolling programming application to speed up and enhance recovery.
Power has become the hot topic in indoor cycling. Measurement is motivation and when used properly it can help members of all fitness levels improve their fitness. Learn what POWER is, how to coach to it, how to use it to motivate in a variety of different ways. There is power in POWER!
Combine mind-body with cardio intervals to make a class creative and effective. Using a 2:1 ratio, the “Zen” (90-seconds) includes yoga- and Pilates-inspired movements teamed with “Zenergy,” consisting of explosive, powerful rebounding, suspended, and neutral choreography within a single water fitness experience.
Bring a tidal wave of excitement to your pool! Learn eight new 64-count choreography blocks, which will be provided in written form, that you easily can incorporate immediately into your aqua classes. These WATERinMOTION®-inspired moves provide a low-impact, high-energy challenge that tightens and tones the entire body and floods your classes with fun.
Come together to explore controversial research, ask questions, and discover cutting edge options in food and nutrition. Hear from these nutrition experts on how and why they choose to eat the way they do. You will leave “feeling full” of ways to make smarter choices when it comes to fueling your body. (LECTURE)
INSANITY® encourages training your inner athlete to Dig Deeper, push boundaries and create new thresholds using timed intervals and short duration rests. You’ll understand how Max Interval Training works and how you can use it to create blocks of exercise and training that develop the athlete in your everyday life. (LECTURE)
Traditional stretching and self-myofascial release have emphasized defects in the muscles or connective tissue. Learn the influence of the nervous system on movement limitations and how to integrate that knowledge into your existing mobility training. Come learn new techniques and modifications you can use on yourself and your clients. (LECTURE)
Get resources for successful development, leadership and management of a fitness team. Learn what it takes to get the job done and how to make yourself indispensable in the workplace. Study proven strategies of those with 30+ years of leadership experience. Ask yourself if you have the DNA to be the next Fitness Manager. (LECTURE)
Have you ever trained at a Boxing Gym? That “old school” feeling and the respect that embodies the coaches and the workout is priceless. Join SCW as we delve into the sweet science of boxing and experience a high-intensity combat-sport workout. Work your body and mind and experience the training of a discipline that still is considered one of the toughest sports in the world.
Create quick and effective pre-and post-workout routines in an easy-to-follow group or one-on-one format. Learn the science of soft tissue release and flexibility training using Power Systems® massage peanuts and strength bands. Explore reciprocal and autogenic inhibition techniques and ways to create recovery that contribute to optimal performance with immediate and long-term results.
Use the floor to improve your core! This workshop takes postures we usually perform standing and revisits them on the ground for new, empowering ab exercises. Explore traditional and non-traditional standing movements to gain creative insight into standing positions that are perfect for those who prefer floor work. Have standing balance issues? Need new workout options? Don’t take it standing up: take it lying down!
Want to discover fresh and exciting group fitness classes? Beachbody LIVE Master Trainers deliver a sampling of predesigned classes that touch all aspects of group exercise. Push your limits with INSANITY, strengthen head to toe with P90X, train MMA-style with CORE DE FORCE, and perfectly blend Pilates and Yoga with PiYo.
Take your barre class and students to new heights with “HIIT the Party at the barre.” This high intensity barre format combines traditional muscle sculpting barre exercises with functional high intensity intervals and plyometrics. Plie, pop, pulse, and lunge your way through this energizing workout designed to work the entire body in just 30-45 minutes!
Experience the definition of dance fitness! An exercise science-based dance format which cohesively blends authentic studio style dance with cutting edge fitness to deliver a fun, non-stop, safe and results driven workout that appeals to all levels and abilities.
Dynamic flexibility increases range of motion, core temperature and nervous system activity, which prepare your body for enhanced movement and activities of daily living. Learn to apply a variety of flexibility/stretching techniques as a warm-up, recovery, and workout. Explore muscle movement in 3D planes of motion to enhance your clients’ mobility and abilities.
Many clients have the forward shoulder and head positions that contribute to chronic tightness and discomfort and inhibit them from exercising at the level they want. In this dynamic presentation, you’ll discover how the shoulder truly works, corrective and functional exercises, and incorporating the most effective cuing to address the forward shoulder and head positions.
FR5H – FUNCTIONAL PILATES FLOWS BY ACTIVMOTION BAR
Move beyond the traditional to shake your mat work to the core. Transform Pilates with fresh interpretation and contemporary flows integrating the ActivMotion Bar. Learn how this new approach can provide immediate sensory feedback to increase the effectiveness of essential movements and build stronger mind-body connections throughout the kinetic chain.
This exploratory session addresses foam rolling for the Active Ager. Self-care is increasingly important to incorporate into our daily activity to ensure that our body functions optimally. Get “on a roll” to explore safe methods of myofascial release, including self-massage, to manage reduced flexibility, accumulated injuries and decreased mobility and circulation for the 50+ market.
Become a music magician! Learn what to play, when to play it, and where to FIND the music and remixes that no one else on your team will have. Music is magic, and we are going to make you all magicians!
Tab-Aqua Quickies is the exciting new component of Tab-Aqua Bootcamp. Work HARD for 30 seconds, HARDER for 20 seconds, and HARDEST for 10 seconds for six cycles and then rest 10 seconds. Let the music guide you without worrying about watching the clock. Get motivated with aquatic moves that produce results fast.
Spirited® offers you 20-minute sections of cardiovascular strength and flexibility for shallow water aquatic training. Learn to train the body in 60 minutes taking advantage of the discussion on the physical and metaphysical vibrational qualities of water.
In today’s fast-paced world, nutritional choices have become mundane and routine. We will explore how this affects our bodies and minds and our hormones, neurotransmitters and vitamin and mineral intakes. Learn about the latest research on superfoods and how we can utilize this research to optimize our health and increase longevity. (LECTURE)
For more than 10 years, the terms “foam rolling” and “self-myofascial release” have been used interchangeably. However, the application of foam rolling does not match the science of myofascial release. Examine the difference between foam rolling and myofascial release, and how to achieve “self-myofascial release” through practical application. (LECTURE)
FR5O – PREVENTION & RECOVERY THROUGH MUSCLE STIMULATION
The latest technology of injury prevention and muscle recovery now fits in your pocket. We will show you how you and your clients can experience a transformative physiological experience with the use of our device, which is already helping millions across the world.
Writing a book or eBbook will not only extend the reach of your message, it will also boost your credibility, bring in passive income, and increase your marketing opportunities. Getting a book idea in print or ready for download in a matter of months is a realistic goal if you learn how to prepare your publication efficiently. Join this session to see if you’re ready to go for it! (LECTURE)
StairMaster® has created a formula that allows clubs and trainers alike to utilize all available equipment with unique interval protocols, resulting in endless options for Plug & Play workouts that are: Scientifically Sound, Results-Driven, Interactive, Scalable, Exciting & Engaging and Team/Community-centric! Plug in the details and PLAY!
Do you have what it takes to become the next SCW Fitness Idol? As the winner of this prestigious title, not only will you receive coverage in 2018 SCW press releases, but you’ll get a chance to show off your skills as a featured presenter at the 2019 SCW MANIA® Convention of your choice!
Each 2018 SCW Fitness Idol Winner receives:
A slot as a presenter at a 2019 SCW MANIA®
Complimentary SCW MANIA® Convention attendance*
Coverage in all SCW press releases
Gifts from SCW MANIA® Sponsors
Mentoring from an SCW MANIA® judge
To complete visit: www.scwfit.com/idol. Everyone is invited to attend. So, if you’re not competing, come and watch, participate or cheer on the contestants!
Raisedbarre is an athletic, pre-choreographed barre class where you can expect a unique combination of muscular endurance and core strength, resulting in a longer, leaner body! Great for all ages and fitness levels. Raisedbarre strikes the balance between hard work and fun in a structured, full-body workout with great music!”
We’re all exposed to many different toxins every single day that affect our physical, mental, and emotional health. The good news is that you don’t necessarily need radical detox programs. Let’s explore EASY, SIMPLE, and QUICK tools that you and your clients can use to detoxify mind and body daily.
STRYKE is a one of a kind HIIT style workout that has taken the best moves in Mixed Martial Arts Fighting, the Fun of Hip Hop Dance Moves, a customed designed ground and pound bag,the popular songs on the radio and produced a program that is one of the best. You have never done a workout like this we guarantee it. It is truly the only one of its kind.
Enjoy a glorious yoga fusion of movements in this rhythmic yoga program. Direct from the spa programming offered at Rancho La Puerta, Manuel shares his unique gifts of mind/body integration. Build patterns to relax and restore the body in this strong and powerful session that keeps you moving and marries traditional poses with music. Your 32-count phrase never felt so good!
Learn to use Fit Buddy a new Fitness/body tool that increases mobility and flexibility and targets the psoas and fascia. Used by NFL and NBA players all the way to high school athletes, personal trainers and yogis. Incorporate it into your clients‘ s dynamic warmup, static stretching and more.
FR6J – LES MILLS SPRINT™: CYCLING SUCCESS
Take your training to the next level with a new cycling workout built on the science of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) that returns rapid results with minimal joint impact. Learn how to increase your offerings to maximize value of your cycling studio, increasing attendance and pinpoint more demographics.
FR6M – STATE OF THE INDUSTRY ADDRESS − PANEL DISCUSSION
Meet with industry experts regarding the future of group fitness, personal training, nutrition and club operations as they discuss where our industry is now, the challenges we are facing in today’s market, and where our future lies. Questions will be asked to the group to stimulate unified answers and differing opinions. An open forum will follow where you can address the experts and hear first-hand the best practices that exist today. THIS SESSION IS OPEN TO THE PUBLIC, AND THERE WILL BE FREE REFRESHMENTS! (LECTURE)